4 Lesson 2: 전화번호가 뭐예요?

학습 목표 Goals

By the end of this lesson, you will be able to:

  • Exchange personal information including telephone numbers and birthdays.
  • Ask and answer “what” questions.

들어가기 Setting Up

Lesson Focus

같이 얘기해 봐요! Share your thoughts!

We learned how to introduce ourselves in Korean. Talk with your classmates about things you typically say when making a new friend in Korean and your native language.

Read the dialogue. How does 세영 ask Juan for his name and telephone number?

In this lesson, you will learn how to ask “what” questions and how to answer them. You will also learn how to say telephone numbers and dates in Korean.

If you already have an idea about the lesson, that’s great! If not, no worries! You will be learning it now!

단어 Ingredients

숫자 Sino-Korean Numbers

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
영/공

Communication

phone number
이메일 전화 전화번호 (전번) SNS아이디
email phone phone number social media ID

Everyday Objects

가방 시계 우산 지갑 컴퓨터
bag money clock, watch umbrella wallet computer book

Other Vocabulary and Useful Expressions

며칠 번호 생일 학년
what date room number birthday school year
오늘 내/제 누구
month day today my (plain/humble) who/whose/whom
언제 -의[에] -도
what when Possessive Marker also
감사합니다/고맙습니다 축하합니다! 와!
Thank you Congratulations! Wow!

단어 메모지 Vocabulary Notes

1. 내/제 My

Remember that Korean has two forms of the first-person pronoun I: 저, the humble form and 나, the plain form? The possessive form of the first person pronoun has two versions as well:

First-person Possessive My Example Translation
Humble Form 제 이름은 세영이에요. My name is Seyoung.
Plain Form 내 이름은 세영이에요. My name is Seyoung.

이름              my (-humble) name                              이름            my name

방                  my (-humble) room                              방                my room

2. 학년 School Year

Do you remember Sino Korean numbers that we learned in Preliminaries 2? They can be used together with 학년 (school year) to talk about your year in school. If you want to ask your classmates’ years, you can say “몇 학년이에요 (what year are you [in school])?”

일 학년 freshman           이 학년 sophomore           삼 학년 junior            사 학년 senior

3. 감사합니다/고맙습니다 Thank you

Korean has several versions of “thank you” depending on formality and politeness. Both 감사합니다 and 고맙습니다 are frequently used when you want to say “thank you” politely in Korean. 감사합니다 is a more slightly more formalistic “thank you,” while 고맙습니다 expresses your (slightly more heartfelt) appreciation.

발음 가이드 Pronunciation Guide

Reading of 의

The possession particle 의 is usually pronounced as [에]. It is also used for the hyphen in phone numbers.

친구의 가방 [친구에 가방]

012-345-6789 공일이의[에] 삼사오의[에] 육칠팔구

단어 연습 Vocabulary Exercises

연습 1. 전화번호 Telephone Numbers

Your friend is transferring the classmates’ phone numbers from the list on a paper to their cell phone. Help them by reading their phone numbers out loud! Take turns!

(맛보기)     세영   016-9234-5601       –> 세영 전화번호는 공일육에 구이삼사에 오육공일이에요.

김세영 후안 로페즈 요시다 하루토 알리사 존슨 첸 웨이 마야 커티스
016-3284-5601 031-2358-1095 02-412-1289 017-6220-1842 019-5524-8947 016-7499-2341

연습 2. Test Your Math Skill!

With a classmate, test each other’s math skills with the following math problems. Take turns.

(맛보기) 1 X 9   가: 일, 구는?     나: 구!

1) 2 X 4

2) 5 X 3

3) 4 X 6

4) 7 X 5

5) 8 X 8

6) 9 X 8

연습 3. 있어요? 없어요?

Do you remember what 있어요 and 없어요 mean? Ask your partner if they have the following items and write O and X.

(맛보기)    : 가방 있어요? Do you have a book?   

11111111111: 네, 있어요.(O)/아니요, 없어요.(X)     Yes, I do/No, I don’t

가방 우산 컴퓨터 지갑 시계 한국어 책

문법과 표현 Recipe

1. Korean WH Questions: … -이/가 뭐예요?   What Is …?

A. WH Question 뭐예요? What is…?

When you make questions in Korean, the question word is not always placed at the beginning of the sentence. Simply replace the word or phrase that you are asking about with the wh- word. The question and answer have the same word order.

가: 전화 번호가 뭐예요?

What’s (your) telephone number?

나: (제 전화번호는) 011에 8500에 4567이에요.

(My telephone number) is 011-8500-4567 (As for my telephone number It’s…)

There are two forms of “what” in Korean. One is 무엇, the full form, and the other is 뭐, the shortened form. 뭐 is used in conversational Korean, and 무엇 usually in written Korean.

Finally, do not forget that the verb has to come at the very end of the sentence, and that you must always have a verb in each sentence!

이름이 뭐예요? What’s your name? NOT 이름이 뭐?

The verb BE is often considered parasitic or “too small,” since it is so short. It also sometimes disappears after a noun ending in a vowel (hence the form ‘예요’). For this reason, this verb is said in one breath along with the preceding noun and is written attached to it. All other verbs in Korean act far more independently, and you do need to put a space between other verbs and their preceding words.

B. SUBJECT MARKER -이/가

Grammatical subjects in Korean usually introduce some new information. They are marked with -이 when they end in a consonant (like 이메일) and with -가 when they end in a vowel (like 전화번호).

The subject marker 이/가 has other usages, but one function is to mark the subjects of WH-questions, as they seek new information.

1111 가: 이름 뭐예요?                    What’s (your) name?
1111 나: 제 이름 후안이에요.        My name is Juan.
or    나’: 후안이에요.                         (It) is Juan.

As you know, 은/는 is a topic marker, and any noun – even the grammatical subject of the sentence – can be flagged with the topic marker in Korean if what is being discussed is known to both the listener and the speaker. (This is a fine point in the language and you will learn more about it as you go.)

C. TOPIC MARKER -은/는

As with your name, when answering with your phone number, you can simply give the information without repeating the word phone number. Where you would say it in English, you don’t need any word in Korea. If you were to repeat the word, you would use the topic marker -은/는, because you are now talking about something as the topic of your discussion.

1111가: 전화번호가 뭐예요?                                       What is (your) telephone number?
1111나: 제 전화번호는 016-7223-4567이에요.       My phone number is 016-7223-4567.
or   나’: 016-7223-4567이에요.                                (It) is 016-7223-4567.

연습 1. -이/가

Fill in the blanks with -이 or -가.

(맛보기)   가: 이름 뭐예요?    나: (제 이름은) 니콜이에요.

1) 가: 친구 이름_____ 뭐예요?   

1) 나: (친구 이름은) 세영이에요.

2) 가: 한국어 선생님 이름____ 뭐예요? 

1) 나: (한국어 선생님 이름은) 박지영 선생님이에요.

3) 가: 후안 씨 전화번호____ 뭐예요?

1) 나: (제 전화번호는) 02-412-1289예요.

4) 가: 후안 씨 SNS 아이디____ 뭐예요?

1) 나: (제 아이디는) ilovekorea1이에요.

5) 가: 하루토 씨____ 어느 나라 사람이에요?

1) 나: (저는) 일본 사람이에요.

6) 가: 웨이 씨____ 어느 나라 사람이에요?

1) 나: (저는) 중국 사람이에요.

연습 2. … 뭐예요?   What is …?

Interview three classmates and find out the information needed to fill in the chart below.

(맛보기)   가: 이름 뭐예요?    나: (제 이름은) 알리사예요.

친구 1 친구 2 친구 3
이름 알리사
전화번호
이메일
____(SNS) 아이디
방 번호 room number

2. Asking For and Reading Dates in Korean

A. READING DATES

Names of the months are easy in Korean. Simply say the month’s number before the suffix -월, which means ‘moon.’ For ease of pronunciation, the final consonant in the number word is not pronounced.

month month day day
일월 January 칠월 July 일일 the 1st (day) 칠일 the 7th
이월 February 팔월 August 이일 the 2nd 팔일 the 8th
삼월 March 구월 September 삼일 the 3rd 구일 the 9th
사월 April 시월 October 사일 the 4th 십일 the 10th
오월 May 십일월 November 오일 the 5th 십오일 the 15th
유월 June 십이월 December 육일 the 6th 삼십일일 the 31st

Saying the days of the month is just as easy. Just add the suffix -일, which means “day,” after the number. Sometimes you will see a space before 월 and 일 in written Korean, but it makes no difference in meaning.

July 4th          칠 월 사 일                    August 15th  팔 월 십오 일
111111111111   칠월 사일                                              팔월 십오일

B. 며칠 AND 언제 WHEN

When you ask for a date, you can use 며칠 for a specific date. Some people also ask the month: 몇 월 며칠이에요?
11111A: 오늘(이) 며칠이에요?              What’s the date today?
11111B: 사월 오일이에요.                       It’s April 5th .

언제 (when) is also used to ask for a specific date.

11111A: 생일이 언제예요?                          When is your birthday?
11111B: 시월 십일이에요. 오늘이에요.     It is October 10th . It’s today!
11111A: 와, 생일 축하합니다!                     Wow, Happy Birthday! (Lit., Congratulations on your birthday!

연습 1. 생일이 언제예요?

Take turns with your partner asking and answering questions about the following friends’ birthdays..

(맛보기)   가: 세영 생일이 언제예요?   나: 삼월 구일이에요.

김세영 후안 로페즈 요시다 하루토 알리사 존슨 첸 웨이 마아 커티스
March 9 January 29 April 30 June 1 October 15 November 18

연습 2. 오늘이 며칠이에요?

Ask and answer what today’s date is as shown in the example. Take turns.

(맛보기)   가: 오늘이 며칠이에요?      나: 이 월 십사 일이에요.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

연습 3. 한국의 공휴일 (National Holiday)

Listen to your teacher say the month and date for the following holidays and mark them on the calendar.

1) 삼일절 (Independence Movement Day)

2) 어버이 날 (Parents’ Day)

3) 현충일 (Memorial Day)

4) 광복절 (Independence Day)

5) 한글날 (Hangul Day)

6) 크리스마스 (Christmas)

3. -의 (Possessive Marker) And -도 (Also)

A. -도 ALSO

-도 is a noun marker that means too or also. In English, also can occur in several places in the sentence. In Korean, however, -도 must be attached to the new or added noun, which is italicized in the following examples:

저는 1학년이에요. 다미도 1학년이에요.
I am a freshman. Dami is a freshman, too. (Dami, too, is a freshman.)

제 생일은 10월이에요. 친구의 생일도 10월이에요.
My birthday is in October. My friend’s birthday is also in October.

B. -의 POSSESSIVE MARKER

As you already know, the first noun expresses possession of the second noun when two nouns are put together:

111111선생님 전화      teacher’s phone

There is a more obvious way to express possession in Korean, using the possessive marker -의:

111111선생님 전화   teacher’s phone

The possessive marker -의 is used more often in written Korean than in everyday conversation.

누구, which means “who” or “whom,” can be used to ask “whose” questions.

11111가: 누구(의) 우산이에요?   Whose umbrella is it?
11111나: 선생님(의)우산이에요. It’s a teacher’s umbrella.

The possessive form of the humble first person 제 my is often used to answer 누구 + NOUN questions. Note that 제comes from humble I 저 + 의, and the plain form 내 comes from plain I 나 + 의.

plain first person possessive 나 + 의 -> 내
나의 전화번호는 123-9876이에요. My phone number is 123-9876. (written)
전화번호는 123-9876이에요.     My phone number is 123-9876. (spoken)

humble first person possessive 저 + 의 -> 제
저의 친구는 미국 사람이에요.  My friend is American. (written)
친구는 미국 사람이에요.      My friend is American. (spoken)

나 and 저 are never used to mean my even in spoken Korean. You must use 내 and 제!

연습 1. Whose is it?

With a classmate, ask and answer each other who the owner is for each item.

(맛보기)      가: 누구 가방이에요?        나: 세영 씨의 가방이에요.

김세영 후안 로페즈 요시다 하루토 알리사 존슨 첸 웨이 마야 커티스

1) 가방

2) 전화

3) 우산

4) 지갑

5) 컴퓨터

6) 시계

연습 2. -은/는 or -도?

Fill in the blanks with appropriate markers, -은/는 or -도.

1) 저_______ 학생이에요. 그리고 마야 씨________ 학생이에요.

2) 조셉 생일_______ 4월이에요. 그리고 미류 생일_______ 4월이에요.

3) 알리사_______ 3학년이에요. 그리고 웨이________ 3학년이에요.

4) 선생님_______ 미국 사람이에요. 그리고 알리사 씨________ 미국 사람이에요.

해 봐요! Let’s Cook!

Interpretive Task 1. 듣기 Listening

Juan and Jiwoo are language partners who are meeting for the first time today. Listen to their conversation and answer the following questions in Korean.

1) What is Jiwoo’s telephone number?
2) When is Jiwoo’s birthday?
3) What is Juan’s telephone number?
4) What did Jiwoo say at the end of the conversation and why?

Interpretive Task 2. 읽기 Reading

Wei just posted a message on the “Language Partner” website. Find out what her message is about.

안녕하세요? 제 이름은 웨이 첸이에요. 중국 사람이에요. 학생이에요. 랭귀지 파트너를 찾고 있어요. 한국어 할 수 있어요? 전화 주세요! 제 전화번호는 123-3450이에요.

Which of the following statements are true?
1) Wei is Chinese.              True False
2) Wei is a student.             True False
3) Wei wants to find a language partner who speaks English.     True False
4) He posted his email address.       True False

Interpersonal Task 3. 말하기 Speaking

연습. SNS 친구 모으기. Collecting friends for your social network.

You are a “friend” collector. Get as many of your classmates’ birthdays, phone numbers, emails, and SNS IDs as you can. If you need help, listen to the TASK 1 dialogue again and use it as a guide.

이름 생일 전화번호 이메일 SNS 아이디
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1

한국 문화 Korean Flavors

Language Point

Korean Nouns: Plurality

Nouns in Korean are not marked for plurality like in English (e.g. book vs. books).
1111한국어 책이 있어요. I have a Korean book/some Korean books.

To clarify and emphasize that more than one is being talked about, the suffix -들 can be added to the noun, but generally only with animate nouns like “people” or “friends”:
1111한국 친구들이 많아요. I have many Korean friends.

Because 많아요 already means there are many, -들 is rather redundant and often left out: 한국 친구가 많아요. I have many Korean friends.

숫자 Numbers in Korea

Three vs. Four

What numbers do Koreans like? According to a recent survey, Koreans love the number 3, which is believed to bring good fortune. Korean youths even frequently play rock-paper-scissors three times in a row (삼세판). Four, on the other hand, is the number Koreans most dislike, as it is pronounced the same as the Chinese word for dying, 사 (死). In some buildings, the 4 th -floor button in elevators is replaced with “F” (four), and you won’t ever see 4444 in license plates or business telephone numbers!

Korean businesses take advantage of certain number combinations that sound like words. The following are some popular phone numbers that Korean business owners pay extra fees to own. Can you guess what types of businesses the following numbers are used for?

2424 이사이사          (이사하다 = to move)
8282 팔이팔이          (빨리 = quickly)
1004 천사                   (천사 = angel)

Answer: moving company        delivery service           charity donation center

Year in School vs. Student Number

Korean college students often ask peers for their “학번” as in “학번이 뭐예요?” If a college student’s 학번 is 20 학번, they entered college in 2020. As many male students fulfill their two-year military service during college, 학번 is a more accurate indicator of one’s seniority than 학년 (year in school).

할 수 있어요! I got this!

1rCheck to see if you can do the following.

  • I can exchange personal contact information in Korean.
  • I can ask and answer “what” questions in Korean.
문법 2- 연습3 Script

한국의 공휴일이에요. 삼일절 (Independence Movement Day)은 삼월 일일이에요. 어버이날 (Parents’ Day)은 오월 팔일이에요. 현충일 (Memorial Day)은 유월 육일이에요. 광복절 (Independence Day)은 팔월 십오일이에요. 한글날은 시월 구일이에요. 그리고 크리스마스는 십이월 이십오일이에요.

Listening Script

후안:   안녕하세요? 저는 후안이에요. 이름이 뭐예요?

지우:   네, 안녕하세요? 제 이름은 박지우예요. 반가워요.

후안:   네, 반가워요. 지우 씨! 전화번호가 뭐예요?

지우:   제 전화번호는 016-9534-5601이에요.  후안 씨 전화번호는 뭐예요?

후안:   제 전화번호는 018-4382-7029예요.

지우:   아, 네!

후안:   지우 씨, 생일이 언제예요?

지우:    오 월 이십육 일이에요. 후안씨 생일은 언제예요?

후안:    오늘이에요!

지우:    와, 축하합니다!

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You Speak Korean! Book 1 Copyright © by Soohee Kim, Emily Curtis, Haewon Cho, Angela Lee-Smith, and Mijeong Kim. All Rights Reserved.

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